In January 2019, the Federal Law on waste collection came into effect in Russia. The so-called ‘waste reforms’ have transformed the collection and disposal of solid household waste. According to the Federal Law No. 89 ‘On Industrial and Consumer Waste’, from now on solid household waste must be sorted into separate materials: plastic, paper, glass, etc.
Waste collection and disposal can only be carried out by authorised operators selected through a tender process. Local authorities need to ensure tariff regulations are met and provide operators with landfill sites. The authorities cannot collect, store or dispose of waste independently. Residents will now have to pay fees for waste collection.